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Wine storage

Wine! Itís such a great pleasure to know that there is a certain place in your house where you store this divine drink.  Itís so nice to know that it is looking forward to your coming and taking it from the dusty shelf and enjoying its color, delicate aroma and wonderful taste. But for that, wine should be stored in special conditions because long expectation may cause its deterioration instead of impovement.

If you are going to store wine for some weeks or even for a year, the storage will present no difficulty. Wine should be stored in a cool place, unexposed to sunlight and heat. 
If you decide on a long storage that is on seasoning of your favorite delicate wines, in that case you should work for a while. Wine storage lasting from 5 to 20 years and more isnít an easy job. Though this job isnít to compare with that of wine-making, it proves to be more complicated as it may seem first.
So, you need a cellar where the wine would mature unexposed to bad effects of sunlight, heat and shaking. Even slightest vibration, e.g. of a compressor refrigerator, may cause adhesion of numerous smallest elements in wine (agglomeration). That forms a sediment and is the reason for wine feculence.
By no means wine should be exposed to supercooling that causes freezing. In this case some irreversible changes occur: water is freezing out and detached organic is precipitating. Even marginal changes of temperature may cause harm for wine.                                                           

The best temperature for wine storage is 10-14įC and any temperature excursions cause pressure changes in the bottle which loose the cork and let air in or even push out the cork.
In addition to low temperature the cellar should be humid enough, because in case when humidity rate is below 60-70% the cork may dry up and let air into the bottle. As a result wine will oxidize. Thatís why the cellar should have ground floor that keeps natural humidity and not concrete or stony one. 
Itís very important to store bottles in horizontal position when wine is ďbreathingĒ and at the same time such position of the bottle prevents the cork from drying up.
It may seem strange but any unwanted scents can easily penetrate into tight closed wine vessels. Thatís why the cellar must be frequently ventilated. If you keep vegetables, meat or any other food in the same cellar with wine or if there is a stagnant air in the cellar Ė the race of wine acquires the same flavor or even get out of order.
One more condition Ė the absence of light. Light brings much energy which is able to restore sulfur oxide to hydrogen sulphide which impart the smell of bad eggs. This process doesnít take long especially for champagne Ė it deteriorates in some hours.
So, your cellar is ready for wine storage Ė it is cool, fresh and humid. You decide to place in the cellar your collection of good expensive wines so as to open them later at the full-age party of the just-born baby or even at his/her wedding party. But it may also happen that on this happy day after long lasting seasoning you will not be able to find out where what wine is because all stickers are not clear being spoilt by humidity or disappeared at all. Thatís why it is strongly recommended to make inscriptions on the bottles with an indelible pen and after that to place these precious drinks on cellar shelves.

Read also about Wine Serving Temperature Chart

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